Sandro Botticelli was an Italian painter of the early Renaissance. Botticelli's later work showed a diminution of scale, expressively distorted figures, and an unnatural use of color. After his death in 1510, his reputation was eclipsed longer than that of any other major European artist. His paintings remained in the churches and villas for which they had been created, his frescoes in the Sistine Chapel overlooked with a preference for Michelangelo.
Botticelli was a member of what has come to be known as the Florentine School. This group of 14th and 15th century painters included legendary names of the Renaissance like Donatello, Michelangelo, Fra Angelico, and Brunelleschi. His work came to be viewed, in the centuries after his death, as a major part of what legendary foundational art historian Giorgio Vasari called a “golden age”. While wildly popular during his lifetime, his work fell out of favor for quite some time after his death. His talent was recognized at an early age and fostered in an apprenticeship, before living and working under the patronage of the historic Medici family. His Madonnas, “Adoration of the Kings”, and “Birth of Venus” remain immensely popular and significant to this day.
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